» Manufactures include machinery, textiles, clothing, paper, chemicals, communications equipment, motor vehicles, rubber, processed food, printed materials, porcelain, and liquor. The city also has a large port and an important shipbuilding industry. It is the seat of Sweden's principal stock exchange.
» Architecturally, modern Stockholm is one of the finest cities in the world, with broad streets, many parks, and well-planned housing projects. Often called the "Venice of the North," it is built on several peninsulas and islands (including Stadsholmen, Riddarholmen, Kungsholmen, and Sodermalm islands). Its large bodies of water contribute to a feeling of spaciousness in the city. Stockholm's most famous landmark is probably the new city hall (1911–23), which faces Lake Malaren; designed by the Swedish architect Ragnar Ostberg, it is an impressive modern interpretation of the characteristic Scandinavian Renaissance style. Also well-known are the large residential districts of cooperative houses that have helped make Stockholm a virtually slumless city.
» On Stadsholmen, which has retained much of its medieval character, are the Church of St. Nicholas or Storkyrka [great church], dating from the 13th cent.; the Church of St. Gertrude, or the German Church, originally built for the Hanseatic merchants; and several old Hanseatic houses. Also on the island are the Great Square, where the Stockholm massacre began; the Riddarhuset (assembly hall of the nobility), a 17th-century structure in the Dutch Renaissance style and with heroic statues; Tessin Palace (18th cent.); and the Royal Palace, built (1754) in Italian Renaissance style.
» Geographically, it comprises all the central parts of the capital as well as many of the surrounding suburbs. Of the municipal population, all but 200 people are considered living in the town of Stockholm, an urban area further extending into ten other municipalities. Apart from being a large city with an active cultural life, Stockholm as a capital also houses many of the national cultural institutions of Sweden, including theatre, opera and museums. There are two UNESCO World Heritage sites in the Stockholm area: the Drottningholm Palace and a large cemetery, Skogskyrkogarden, which include some well-known examples of the architecture of Gunnar Asplund. During 1998 Stockholm was designated as the European City of Culture. Sporting events are popular, with football and ice hockey being the most popular sports. The city hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics, as well as all but one of the Nordic Games, a winter multi-sport event that predated the Winter Olympics.
The three most popular men's football teams in the Stockholm region are Djurgardens IF, Hammarby IF and AIK. The clubs also all have ice hockey teams, but currently (2004–2005 season) only Djurgarden plays in the highest division, Elitserien Hammarby also have teams in the highest leagues in bandy, handball, speedway, goalball and rugby.